- City Guide - St. John's
Welcome to St. John’s – the self proclaimed City of Legends. St. John's is the capital, and largest city, in Newfoundland and Labrador. With a population of over 196,900 people, it is also the oldest English-founded city in North America.
Newfoundland was claimed as an English colony in the name of Elizabeth I in 1583, temporarily captured by the Dutch in 1665, and attacked by the French who destroyed its settlements in 1689 and 1707.
St. John's was affected in the 1990s by the collapse of the cod fishery, which had been the driving force of the economy for hundreds of years. St. John’s close proximity to Terra Nova and White Rose oil fields led to an economic boom that spurred population growth, and commercial development. As a result, the St. John's area now accounts for about half of the province's economic output.
St. John's and its surrounding area bound with spectacular ocean, scenery, urban parks, beautiful streetscapes and several significant historical sites. Come celebrate the City’s birthday, or check out St. John’s Regatta – North America’s oldest continuing sporting event. Music lovers can sit back and listen to the musical styling’s of the Newfoundland and Labrador Folk Festival, or the Sound Symposium. If history is your thing then look no further, St. John’s is home of several archives and museums including; City of St. John’s Archive, Maritime History Archive, the Provincial Archives of Newfoundland and Labrador, Newfoundland Museum, and the Railway Costal Museum. There is no shortage of creativity in St. John’s – as it is home to countless art galleries.
Regardless of your interests, there are plenty of things to see and do in St. John’s.